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Colophon primosi  

Barnard, 1929 

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Ecdysozoa > Panarthropoda > Tritocerebra > Arthopoda > Mandibulata > Atelocerata > Panhexapoda > Hexapoda > Insecta (insects) > Dicondyla > Pterygota > Metapterygota > Neoptera > Eumetabola > Holometabola > Coleoptera (beetles) > Polyphaga > Superfamily: Scarabaeoidea > Family: Lucanidae > Subfamily: Lucaninae > Genus: Colophon

Found in Seweweekspoort, Swartberg Range. Little is known about its biology but larvae probably feed on plant roots such as Restioniaceae. Male 28-35mm. Female 22mm.


Colophon primosi, male. Dorsal view of head and thorax. [image M. Cochrane, Iziko ]

Colophon primosi, male. Ventral view of head and thorax. [image M. Cochrane, Iziko ]


Colophon primosi. Male genitalia, parameres only. I[image M. Cochrane, Iziko ]


Apomorphic species. Aedeagus (penis and parameres) are  distinctly asymmetrical, the right paramere is strongly dilated forming a hook on the inner margin with the anal sternite correspondingly asymmetrical on the posterior margin; penis well sclerotised (cuticle hardened); anterior (front) margin of the clypeus raised above the level of the labrum at the suture (join). Compare genitalia of species groups.

See male/female images.

This group includes Colophon barnardi, Colophon berrisfordi, Colophon cassoni, Colophon endroedyi, Colophon izardi, Colophon montisatris, Colophon neli, Colophon oweni, Colophon primosi, Colophon thunbergi, Colophon westwoodi and Colophon whitei.


  • BARNARD, K. H. 1929. A study of the genus Colophon Gray. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 18: 163 182. 

Colophon home

 Images and text by Margie Cochrane