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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Order: Magnoliales

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > magnoliids

Five families of which four are encountered in southern Africa. About 154 genera and 2929 species of which ten genera and 24 species (all in Annonaceae) are native to southern Africa. An additional seven genera and 28 species are cultivated in the region.

Families encountered in southern Africa


A tropical family with 129 genera and 2220 species. Ten genera and 24 species are native to southern Africa and a further two genera and seven species are cultivated in the region. The genus Annona contains a number of species that are cultivated for their fruit, including Custard apple and Soursop.


Consists of one genus, Eupomatia, with three species. Native to New Guinea and Eastern Australia. One species, Eupomatia laurina (Bolwarra), is cultivated in southern Africa.

Magnoliaceae (magnolias)

Two genera and 227 species, native to east and southeast Asia and the Americas. Both genera and 18 species are cultivated in southern Africa.

Myristicaceae (Nutmeg genus)

About 20 genera and 475 species, pantropical with none native to southern Africa. Two genera and two species are cultivated in the region, including Myristica fragrans, which yields nutmeg and mace spices.


Families not encountered in southern Africa: Degeneriaceae, Himantandraceae.