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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Family: Doliolidae (doliolids)

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Tunicata > Thaliacea > Doliolida

Six genera and 21 species worldwide, with four genera and 12 species that that have broad distributions that include southern African seas. There are no endemic species in the region.

Genera native to southern Africa

Information from World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS), Lazarus & Dowler (1979) and other publications listed on the relevant taxon pages.

Dolioletta

Five species worldwide, all of which have wide pelagic distributions that include the southern African seas.

 

Doliolina

Nine species worldwide, four of which have wide pelagic distributions that include the southern African seas.

 

Dolioloides

One species, Dolioloides rarum, with a distribution that includes southern African seas.

 

Doliolum

Three species worldwide, two of which have wide pelagic distributions that include the southern African seas.

 

Publications

  • Deibel D., and Lowen B. 2011. A review of the life cycles and life-history adaptations of pelagic tunicates to environmental conditions. ICES Journal of Marine Science, doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsr159.
  • Lazarus, B. I. and D. Dowler. 1979. Pelagic tunicata off the west and south-west coasts of South Africa, 1964-1965. Fish. Bull. S. Afr. 12:93-119.
  • Van Zyl, R. P. 1960. A preliminary study of the salps and doliolids off the west and south coasts of South Africa. Investigational Rept. Div. Fisheries, Union of South Africa. v.40, 31p.

Text by Hamish Robertson