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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Genus: Rhamnus

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid I > Order: Rosales > Family: Rhamnaceae

About 125 species worldwide (cosmopolitan); two species, Rhamnus prinoides and Rhamnus staddo, are native southern Africa and a further three species are cultivated in the region.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of southern Africa - an online checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Rhamnus prinoides (Shiny-leaf buckthorn, Dogwood)

See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Rhamnus staddo

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Rhamnus alaternus (Italian buckthorn)

Native to the Mediterranean.


Rhamnus californicus (California buckthorn, Coffeeberry)

Native to California and Mexico.


Rhamnus cathartica (Common buckthorn)

Native to Eurasia.



  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.