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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Genus: Disa

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Monocotyledons > Order: Asparagales > Family: Orchidaceae

About 162 species (Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Madagascar and Mascarene Islands), with 149 species native to southern Africa.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Disa aconitoides

Disa alticola


Disa amoena


Disa arida


Disa aristata


Disa atricapilla

Disa atrorubens


Disa aurata

Disa barbata

Disa bifida

[= Schizodium bifidum]

Disa basutorum


Disa baurii

Disa begleyi


Disa bivalvata

Disa bodkinii


Disa bolusiana


Disa brachyceras


Disa bracteata

Disa brevicornis


Disa brevipetala


Disa caffra


Disa cardinalis

Disa caulescens


Disa cedarbergensis


Disa cephalotes


Disa cernua

Disa chrysostachya


Disa chimanimaniensis

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Disa clavicornis


Disa cochlearis


Disa comosa


Disa conferta


Disa cooperi


Disa cornuta

Disa crassicornis


Disa cylindrica


Disa densiflora

Disa dracomontana


Disa draconis


Disa ecalcarata


Disa elegans


Disa equestris

Disa erubescens

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

Disa esterhuyseniae


Disa extinctoria


Disa fasciata

Disa ferruginea

Disa filicornis


Disa flexuosa

[= Schizodium flexuosum]

Disa forcipata


Disa forficaria


Disa fragrans

Disa galpinii


Disa gladioliflora


Disa glandulosa


Disa graminifolia

Disa hallackii

Disa harveiana

Disa hians


Disa hircicornis

Disa inflexa

[= Schizodium inflexum]

Disa intermedia


Disa introrsa


Disa karooica


Disa linderiana


Disa lineata


Disa longicornu

Disa longifolia


Disa longipetala

[= Schizodium longipetalum]

Disa lugens

Disa macrostachya


Disa maculata

[= Schizodium maculatum]

Disa maculomarronina


Disa marlothii


Disa micropetala


Disa miniata

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Disa minor


Disa montana


Disa multifida


Disa neglecta


Disa nervosa


Disa newdigateae


Disa nivea


Disa nubigena


Disa obliqua

[= Schizodium obliquum]

Disa obtusa

Disa ocellata


Disa ochrostachya

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

Disa oligantha


Disa ophrydea


Disa oreophila


Disa ornithantha

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Disa ovalifolia


Disa patula

Disa perplexa

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Disa physodes


Disa pillansii


Disa polygonoides


Disa porrecta


Disa pulchra


Disa purpurascens

Disa pygmaea


Disa racemosa

Disa remota


Disa reticulata


Disa rhodantha


Disa richardiana


Disa rosea


Disa rufescens


Disa sabulosa


Disa sagittalis


Disa salteri


Disa sanguinea


Disa sankeyi


Disa satyrioides

[= Schizodium satyrioides]

Disa saxicola

Disa schizodioides


Disa schlechteriana


Disa scullyi


Disa similis


Disa spathulata

Disa spathulata


Disa stachyoides


Disa stricta


Disa subtenuicornis


Disa telipogonis


Disa tenella


Disa tenuicornis


Disa tenuifolia

Disa tenuis


Disa thodei


Disa triloba


Disa tripetaloides

Disa tysonii


Disa uncinata


Disa uniflora

Disa vaginata

Disa vasselotii


Disa venosa


Disa venusta


Disa versicolor


Disa vigilans


Disa virginalis


Disa walleri

See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Disa welwitschii

Disa woodii

Disa zimbabweensis

Disa zuluensis


Disa zombica

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.



  • Johnson, S.D., Linder, H.P. and Steiner, K.E. 1998. Phylogeny and radiation of pollination systems in Disa (Orchidaceae). Am. J. Bot. 85, 402411.

  • Johnson, S.D. and Steiner, K.E. 1997. Long-tongued fly pollination and evolution of floral spur length in the Disa draconis complex (Orchidaceae). Evolution 51, 4553.