Linaceae (flax, linseed family)
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Eurosid I > Order: Malpighiales
There are 12 genera and about 300 species worldwide
(cosmopolitan) of which two genera and 15 species are native to southern Africa,
and a further one genus and six species are cultivated in the region.
Genera native to southern Africa
List from Bredenkamp (2000).
A total of 35 species (mainly Old World tropics), with
one species, Hugonia orientalis,
native to southern Africa.
(flax and linseed genus)
About 230 species (temperate and subtropical regions
worldwide), of which 14 species are native to southern Africa and a further
five species are cultivated in the region.
(Flax; Linseed), is one of the species cultivated and yields flax from the
stem fibres and linseed oil from the seeds.
Other genera, cultivated in southern Africa
List from Glen (2002).
Yellow flax (Reinwardtia indica), which is
native from India to China, is cultivated in southern Africa.
Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated plants of
southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.
Bredenkamp, C.L. 2000. Linaceae. In: Seed Plants of
Southern Africa (ed. O.A. Leistner). Strelitzia 10: 337-338.
National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.