home   about   search

biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Genus: Salvia (Sage genus)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid I > Order: Lamiales > Family: Lamiaceae

About 900 species, distributed in temperate and tropical regions worldwide, with 26 native species and four naturalised species in southern Africa. There are an additional 23 exotic species that are cultivated in this region.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI) and Flora of Zimbabwe.

Salvia africana-caerulea


Salvia africana-lutea

Salvia albicaulis


Salvia aurita


Salvia chamelaeagnea


Salvia coccinea

Recorded from Zimbabwe. See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Salvia dentata


Salvia disermas


Salvia dolomitica


Salvia garipensis


Salvia granitica


Salvia lanceolata


Salvia muirii


Salvia namaensis


Salvia nilotica

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Salvia obtusata


Salvia radula


Salvia reflexa

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Salvia repens


Salvia runcinata


Salvia scabra


Salvia schlechteri


Salvia thermarum


Salvia triangularis


Salvia tysonii


Salvia verbenaca


Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).

Salvia coccinea (Red salvia)

Native to Brazil and naturalised in southern Africa. Has been recorded from Namibia, Swaziland and South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape).


Salvia reflexa (Mintweed)

Native to the USA and Mexico.


Salvia stenophylla


Salvia tiliifolia

Indigenous from Texas to South America.


Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Salvia amplexicaulis

Native to the Balkans.


Salvia azurea (Blue sage)

Native to south-eastern USA.


Salvia canariensis

Native to the Canary Islands.


Salvia carduacea

Native to California.


Salvia columbariae (Chia)

Native to Mexico.


Salvia confertiflora

Native to Brazil.


Salvia elegans (Pineapple-scented sage)

Native to Mexico.


Salvia farinacea

Native to southern USA and Mexico.


Salvia hispanica (Chia)

Indigenous from Mexico to Colombia.


Salvia involucrata

Native to Mexico.


Salvia leucantha

Indigenous from Mexico to Colombia. Cultivated in gardens in southern Africa.

Salvia magnifica

Origin unknown.


Salvia microphylla

Native to Mexico.


Salvia officinalis (Sage)

Native to Europe.


Salvia pallens

Origin unknown.


Salvia patens

Native to Mexico.


Salvia pratensis (Meadow clary)

Native to Europe.


Salvia salicifolia

Native to Brazil.


Salvia sclarea (Clary)

Native to Europe and western Asia.


Salvia splendens (Scarlet sage)

Native to Brazil.


Salvia taraxacifolia

Native to Morocco.


Salvia uliginosa

Native to South America.


Salvia viridis (Bluebeard)

Native to southern Europe.


Herbivores in southern Africa

Coelonia mauritii (Fulvous Hawkmoth)

Lepidoptera > Sphingidae

Caterpillars eat the leaves.



  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.

  • Retief, E. and Herman, P.P.J. 2003. Lamiaceae. In Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds), Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 584-600. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.