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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Genus: Heliconia

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Monocotyledons > Order: Zingiberales > Family: Heliconiaceae

One genus (Heliconia) containing anything from 100 to 200 species (mainly tropical America, a few in Southeast Asia and the Pacific). About five species of Heliconia have been recorded as being cultivated in southern Africa.

Species cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Heliconia angusta

Native to Brazil.

Heliconia aurantiaca

Native from Mexico to Costa Rica.


Heliconia braziliensis

Native to Brazil.


Heliconia psittacorum

Native from Colombia to Brazil.


Heliconia rostrata

Native to Peru and Ecuador.



  • Archer, C. 2003. Strelitziaceae. In Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds), Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1212. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.