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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Genus: Lupinus (lupins)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid I > Fabales > Fabaceae > Subfamily: Papilionoideae

About 200 species, native to the Americas, and Mediterranean Europe through to the highlands of East Africa. Five species naturalised in southern Africa and a further nine species are cultivated in the region.

Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of southern Africa - an online checklist (SANBI) and Flora of Zimbabwe.

Lupinus angustifolius

Native to the Mediterranean.


Lupinus consentinii


Lupinus luteus (Yellow lupin)

Native to the Mediterranean.

Lupinus mexicanus

Native to Mexico and cultivated as a garden ornamental in South Africa, it is now a localised roadside weed in the northern suburbs of Harare, Zimbabwe.

Lupinus pilosus

Native from Greece to Israel.


Other species, naturalised in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Lupinus affinus

Native to California.


Lupinus albus (Egyptian lupin, White lupin)

Native to Greece and Turkey.


Lupinus arboreus (Tree lupin)

Native to western USA.


Lupinus benthamii

Native to California.


Lupinus elegans

Native to Mexico.


Lupinus mutabilis

Native from Colombia to Peru.


Lupinus nootkatensis

Native to western USA and northeastern Asia.


Lupinus pubescens

Native to Mexico and Guatemala.


Lupinus varius

Native to Portugal and the western Mediterranean.




  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.