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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Genus: Indigofera

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid I > Fabales > Family: Fabaceae > Subfamily: Papilionoideae

About 730 species, occurring mainly in tropical and subtropical regions, with 232 species native to southern Africa.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of southern Africa - an online checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Indigofera acanthoclada


Indigofera adenocarpa


Indigofera adenoides


Indigofera alopecuroides


Indigofera alpina


Indigofera alternans

Indigofera amitina


Indigofera amoena


Indigofera amorphoides


Indigofera anabibensis


Indigofera angustata


Indigofera angustifolia


Indigofera antunesiana

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.


Indigofera aquae-nitentis


Indigofera arenophila


Indigofera arrecta

Indigofera astragalina

Indigofera atrata


Indigofera atriceps

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Indigofera auricoma


Indigofera bainesii


Indigofera baumiana


Indigofera brachynema

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Indigofera brachystachya

Indigofera buchananii


Indigofera burchellii


Indigofera candicans


Indigofera candolleana


Indigofera capillaris

Indigofera cecilii

Indigofera charlieriana


Indigofera circinella

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Indigofera circinnata

Indigofera colutea


Indigofera commixta


Indigofera comosa


Indigofera complicata

Indigofera concava


Indigofera confusa


Indigofera costata

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Indigofera crebra


Indigofera cryptantha


Indigofera cuneifolia


Indigofera cunenensis


Indigofera cytisoides

Indigofera daleoides


Indigofera damarana


Indigofera declinata


Indigofera dendroides

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.


Indigofera delagoaensis


Indigofera demissa


Indigofera densa


Indigofera denudata


Indigofera depressa


Indigofera digitata


Indigofera dillwynioides


Indigofera dimidiata

Indigofera disticha


Indigofera dolichothyrsa


Indigofera dregeana


Indigofera dyeri

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Indigofera egens


Indigofera elandsbergensis


Indigofera emarginella

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.


Indigofera enormis


Indigofera eriocarpa


Indigofera erythrogramma

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Indigofera evansiana


Indigofera evansii


Indigofera exigua


Indigofera eylesiana

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

Indigofera fanshawei

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Indigofera filicaulis


Indigofera filifolia


Indigofera filiformis


Indigofera filipes


Indigofera flabellata

Indigofera flavicans

Indigofera floribunda


Indigofera foliosa


Indigofera frondosa


Indigofera frutescens

[= Indigofera cylindrica]


Indigofera fulgens

Recorded from Mozambique.

Indigofera fulvopilosa

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Indigofera gairdnerae

Indigofera galpinii


Indigofera giessii


Indigofera gifbergensis


Indigofera glaucescens


Indigofera glomerata


Indigofera gracilis

[= Indigofera erecta]

Host plant of the Brenton Blue Butterfly Orachrysops niobe.

Indigofera grata


Indigofera griseoides

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Indigofera grisophylla


Indigofera guthriei


Indigofera hamulosa


Indigofera hantamensis


Indigofera hedyantha


Indigofera hendecaphylla


Indigofera heterophylla

Indigofera heterotricha


Indigofera hewittii

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Indigofera hilaris

Indigofera hirsuta


Indigofera hispida


Indigofera hochstetteri


Indigofera hofmanniana


Indigofera hololeuca


Indigofera holubii

Indigofera homblei


Indigofera humifusa


Indigofera hybrida


Indigofera incana

Indigofera ingrata


Indigofera inhambanensis


Indigofera inyangana


Indigofera ionii


Indigofera jucunda


Indigofera krookii


Indigofera langebergensis


Indigofera laxeracemosa


Indigofera leendertziae


Indigofera lepida


Indigofera leptocarpa


Indigofera limosa


Indigofera livingstoniana

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Indigofera longibarbata


Indigofera longepedicellata

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

Indigofera lupatana


Indigofera lyalli

Indigofera lydenburgensis


Indigofera maritima


Indigofera masonae


Indigofera mauritanica


Indigofera melanadenia


Indigofera merxmuelleri


Indigofera meyeriana

Indigofera micrantha


Indigofera microcarpa


Indigofera mimosoides


Indigofera mischocarpa


Indigofera mollicoma


Indigofera mollis


Indigofera monantha

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Indigofera monostachya


Indigofera mundiana


Indigofera natalensis


Indigofera nebrowniana


Indigofera neglecta


Indigofera nigromontana


Indigofera nudicaulis


Indigofera nummulariifolia

Indigofera obcordata


Indigofera obscura


Indigofera ormocarpoides


Indigofera ovata


Indigofera ovina


Indigofera oxalidea


Indigofera oxytropis


Indigofera paniculata

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Indigofera pappei


Indigofera patula

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Indigofera pauciflora


Indigofera pearsonii


Indigofera pechuelii


Indigofera pilgeriana


Indigofera placida


Indigofera platypoda


Indigofera podophylla


Indigofera poliotes


Indigofera pongolana


Indigofera porrecta


Indigofera praticola

Indigofera procumbens


Indigofera pseudoevansii


Indigofera psoraloides


Indigofera pungens


Indigofera quinquefolia


Indigofera racemosa


Indigofera radicifera


Indigofera rautanenii


Indigofera reducta


Indigofera rehmannii


Indigofera rhodantha


Indigofera rhynchocarpa

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

Indigofera rhytidocarpa


Indigofera richardsiae

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Indigofera ripae


Indigofera rostrata


Indigofera rubroglandulosa


Indigofera sanguinea


Indigofera sarmentosa


Indigofera schimperi


Indigofera schinzii


Indigofera sebungweensis

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Indigofera serpentinicola

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

Indigofera sessilifolia


Indigofera setiflora

Indigofera setosa


Indigofera sordida


Indigofera spicata

Indigofera stricta


Indigofera strobilifera

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Indigofera subcorymbosa

Indigofera subulifera

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Indigofera suffruticosa


Indigofera sulcata


Indigofera superba


Indigofera swaziensis

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Indigofera teixeirae


Indigofera tenuis

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Indigofera tenuissima


Indigofera thesioides


Indigofera tinctoria (Nil-awari, True indigo)

This plant was the original source of indigo dye but these days this dye is produced synthetically. Indigo has also been derived from other Indigofera species. The original native distribution of Indigofera tinctoria is uncertain as it is now found widely around the world. See Wikipedia

Indigofera tomentosa


Indigofera torulosa


Indigofera trifolioides


Indigofera trigonelloides


Indigofera triquetra


Indigofera tristis


Indigofera tristoides


Indigofera trita


Indigofera velutina


Indigofera venusta


Indigofera verrucosa


Indigofera vicioides


Indigofera viscidissima

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Indigofera welwitschii

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Indigofera wildiana

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Indigofera williamsonii

[= Indigofera serpentinicola]

See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Indigofera woodii


Indigofera zenkeri

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Indigofera zeyheri


Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Indigofera australis

Native to Australia.


Indigofera decora

Native to western China.


Indigofera heterantha

Native to Himalayas.




  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.