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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Genus: Hymenaea (copals)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid I > Fabales > Family: Fabaceae > Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae

Fourteen species, native mainly to the American tropics but with one species also native to East Africa, Madgascar and Mauritius. Two species are cultivated in southern Africa.

Species cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Hymenaea coubaril (West Indian locust, Brazilian copal)

Native from Mexico to Brazil.


Hymenaea verrucosa (East African copal, Madagascar copal)

Native to tropical Africa, Madgascar and Mauritius.



  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.