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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Genus: Bauhinia

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid I > Fabales > Family: Fabaceae > Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae

More than 200 species, widely distributed, with six species native to southern Africa, two species naturalised and an additional 12 species and one hybrid that are cultivated in the region.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Bauhinia bowkeri (Kei neat's foot)

Bauhinia galpinii (Pride-of-de-Kaap)

Bauhinia natalensis

See Germishuizen & Glen (1988).


Bauhinia petersiana (Wild coffee bean)

See Flora of Zimbabwe, where it is split into two subspecies - B. p. macrantha and B. p. petersiana.

Bauhinia tomentosa (Bush neat's foot)

Bauhinia urbaniana


Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of southern Africa (POSA) - an online checklist (SANBI).

Bauhinia purpurea (Butterfly orchid tree)


Bauhinia variegata (Orchid tree)

Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Bauhinia brasiliensis

Native to Brazil.


Bauhinia candicans

Native to Brazil.


Bauhinia corniculata

Native to Brazil.


Bauhinia corymbosa

Native to China.


Bauhinia forficata (Thorny orchid tree)

Native from Brazil to Argentina.


Bauhinia glauca

[= Bauhinia micrantha]

Native from Burma to China.


Bauhinia leptopetala

Native to Mexico.


Bauhinia monandra


Bauhinia porosa

Native to Madagascar.


Bauhinia textilis


Bauhinia vahlii

Native to India.


Bauhinia yunnanensis

Native to China.


Bauhinia x blakeana (Fragrant orchid tree)




  • Germishuizen, G. & Glen, H.F. 1988. Bauhinia natalensis. Flowering Plants of Africa 50: t.1980.
  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.