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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Hevea brasiliensis (Pará rubber, Rubber tree)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid I > Order: Malpighiales > Family: Euphorbiaceae

Native to Brazil and Colombia. Sap (latex) is collected and is the main source of natural rubber. About 42% of rubber production is natural rubber from Rubber trees. These trees grow best in areas with high rainfall and warm temperatures. The main growing area for these trees is SE Asia. Synthetic rubber is derived from petroleum and has different properties to natural rubber.