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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Genus: Croton

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid I > Order: Malpighiales > Family: Euphorbiaceae

At least 800 species, pantropical (mainly American), with 15 species native to southern Africa, one species naturalised and a further two species that are cultivated in the region.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Croton aceroides

Recorded from Mozambique.


Croton gratissimus (Lavender fever-berry)

Croton inhambanensis

Recorded from Mozambique.

Croton kilwae

Recorded from Mozambique.


Croton leuconeurus


Croton longipedicellatus

Croton macrostachyus


Croton madandensis


Croton megalobotrys (Large fever-berry)

Croton megalocarpus

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Croton menyharthii

Croton pseudopulchellus

Croton rivularis


Croton steenkampianus (Marsh fever-berry)


Croton sylvaticus (Forest fever-berry)

Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).

Croton bonplandianus


Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Croton niveus (Copalchi bark)

Native to Mexico and Central America.


Croton tiglium

Native to tropical Asia.