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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Dianthus (Carnation genus)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Order: Caryophyllales > Family: Caryophyliaceae

About 300 species (Europe, Asia, Africa), with 16 species native to southern Africa and a further 14 species that are cultivated in the region. The genus includes the Carnation Dianthus caryophyllus, which probably originates from the Mediterranean and is widely cultivated for its flowers.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Dianthus albens


Dianthus basuticus


Dianthus bolusii


Dianthus burchellii


Dianthus caespitosus


Dianthus chimanimaniensis

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.


Dianthus crenatus


Dianthus holopetalus


Dianthus kamisbergensis


Dianthus laingsburgensis


Dianthus micropetalus


Dianthus mooiensis


Dianthus namaensis


Dianthus thunbergii


Dianthus transvaalensis


Dianthus zeyheri


Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Dianthus alpinus (Alpine pink)

Native to Europe.


Dianthus arenarius

Native to northern and eastern Europe.


Dianthus barbatus (Sweet William)

Native to southern Europe. See Wikipedia


Dianthus caryophyllus (Carnation, Clove pink)

Origin uncertain but probably originally native to the Mediterranean. See Wikipedia


Dianthus collinus

Native to central Europe.


Dianthus deltoides (Maiden pink)

Native to Europe and Asia. See Wikipedia


Dianthus fragrans

Native to the Caucasus.


Dianthus gallicus

Native from France to Portugal.


Dianthus gratianopolitanus (Cheddar pink)

Native to Europe.


Dianthus knappii

Native to the Balkans.


Dianthus plumarius (Clove pink)

Native to central Europe.


Dianthus serotinus

Native to central Europe.


Dianthus spiculifolius

Native to eastern Europe.


Dianthus superbus

Native to Europe and Asia.




  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.