Artichoke and Cardoon)
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Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants)
> Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants)
> Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering
> Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids >
Euasterid II > Family: Asteraceae > Tribe:
About 10 species, native to the Mediterranean region, NW
Africa and the Canary Islands. Leaves are formed in clumps and the flowerhead is
thistle-like (the genus belongs to the same tribe as thistles).
Species cultivated in southern Africa
fleshy leaf bases are eaten as a vegetable and the dried flowers are used
for curdling milk. Originates from southern Europe and Northwest Africa.
scolymus (Globe Artichoke)
flowerhead is eaten as a vegetable. A cultigen species, probably derived
from the Cynara carduncellus (Cardoon) which originates from
southern Europe and North Africa.