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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Genus: Ornithogalum

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Monocotyledons > Order: Asparagales > Family: Asparagaceae

About 200 species, native to Africa, Europe and western Asia, with 91 species native to southern Africa and a further species that is cultivated in the region. Previously placed in the family Hyacinthaceae, which has been sunk under the Asparagaceae.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI) and Flora of Zimbabwe.

Ornithogalum adseptentrionesvergentulum


Ornithogalum aetfatense


Ornithogalum anguinum


Ornithogalum annae-ameliae


Ornithogalum baurii


Ornithogalum bicornutum


Ornithogalum bolusianum


Ornithogalum britteniae


Ornithogalum campanulatum


Ornithogalum candicans

[= Galtonia candicans]


Ornithogalum capillare


Ornithogalum capillifolium


Ornithogalum ceresianum


Ornithogalum ciliiferum


Ornithogalum comptonii


Ornithogalum conicum

Ornithogalum constrictum


Ornithogalum corticatum


Ornithogalum crispifolium


Ornithogalum decusmontium


Ornithogalum deltoideum


Ornithogalum diphyllum


Ornithogalum dolichopharynx


Ornithogalum dregeanum


Ornithogalum dubium

Ornithogalum esterhuyseniae


Ornithogalum falcatum

[= Neopatersonia falcata]


Ornithogalum filicaule

[= Neopatersonia namaquensis]


Ornithogalum fimbrimarginatum


Ornithogalum fissurisedulum


Ornithogalum flexuosum

[= Ornithogalum ornithogaloides]


Ornithogalum geniculatum


Ornithogalum gifbergense


Ornithogalum gracillimum


Ornithogalum graminifolium

Ornithogalum gregorianum


Ornithogalum haalenbergense


Ornithogalum hallii


Ornithogalum hesperanthum


Ornithogalum hispidulum


Ornithogalum hispidum

Ornithogalum inclusum


Ornithogalum juncifolium


Ornithogalum leeupoortense


Ornithogalum lithopsoides


Ornithogalum longicollum


Ornithogalum maculatum

Ornithogalum marlothii


Ornithogalum mater-familias


Ornithogalum monophyllum


Ornithogalum multifolium


Ornithogalum namaquanulum


Ornithogalum nannodes


Ornithogalum naviculum


Ornithogalum neopatersonia

[= Neopatersonia uitenhagensis]


Ornithogalum niveum

Ornithogalum oreogenes


Ornithogalum paludosum


Ornithogalum pendens


Ornithogalum perdurans


Ornithogalum perparvum


Ornithogalum petraeum


Ornithogalum pilosum


Ornithogalum princeps

[= Galtonia princeps]


Ornithogalum pruinosum

Ornithogalum puberulum


Ornithogalum pullatum


Ornithogalum regale

[= Galtonia regalis]


Ornithogalum rogersii


Ornithogalum rossouwii


Ornithogalum rotatum


Ornithogalum rubescens


Ornithogalum rupestre

Ornithogalum sardienii


Ornithogalum saundersiae


Ornithogalum schlechterianum


Ornithogalum sephtonii


Ornithogalum strictum


Ornithogalum subcoriaceum

Ornithogalum synadelphicum


Ornithogalum synanthifolium


Ornithogalum tenuifolium

Ornithogalum thermophilum


Ornithogalum thunbergianulum


Ornithogalum thyrsoides (Chincherinchee)

Ornithogalum tortuosum


Ornithogalum vallis-gratiae


Ornithogalum verae


Ornithogalum viridiflorum

[= Galtonia viridiflora]


Ornithogalum xanthochlorum

Ornithogalum zebrinellum


Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Ornithogalum arabicum

Native to the Mediterranean.



  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated plants of southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.

  • Manning, J.C. and Goldblatt, P. 2006. Ornithogallum kirstenii (Albuca group), a new species from Western Cape, South Africa, and new combinations in the group. Bothalia 36(1): 86-89.