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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Genus: Ilex

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid II > Order: Aquifoliales > Family: Aquifoliaceae

About 400 species (mainly Asia and America) of which one, Ilex mitis (Cape holly), is native to southern Africa. Nine other species are cultivated in gardens in southern Africa.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).

Ilex mitis (African holly, Cape holly)

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Ilex aquifolium (European holly)

Native from Europe to western Asia.


Ilex cornuta (Horned holly)

Native to China and Korea.


Ilex crenata (Japanese holly)

Native to Japan and Korea.


Ilex latifolia (Tarajo)

Native to Japan and China.


Ilex opaca (American holly)

Native to the Eastern USA.


Ilex paraguariensis (Maté tree, Yerba maté)

Native from Brazil to Argentina.


Ilex pernyi

Native to China.


Ilex verticillata (Feverbark)

Native to the eastern USA.


Ilex vomitoria (Yaupon)

Native to the south-eastern USA and Mexico.