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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Genus: Salsola

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Core Eudicots > Order: Caryophyllales > Family: Amaranthaceae > Subfamily: Salsoloideae

About 150 species, native to Europe, Asia and Africa, where it occurs in arid and semi-arid regions. Eighty-eight species are native to southern Africa, and the weed Salsola kali has become naturalised in the region.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).

Salsola acocksii  
Salsola adisca  
Salsola adversariifolia  
Salsola aellenii  
Salsola albida  
Salsola albisepala  
Salsola angolensis  
Salsola aphylla  
Salsola apiciflora  
Salsola apterygea  
Salsola araneosa  
Salsola arborea  
Salsola armata  
Salsola aroabica  
Salsola atrata  
Salsola barbata  
Salsola calluna  
Salsola campyloptera  
Salsola capensis  
Salsola cauliflora  
Salsola ceresica  
Salsola columnaris  
Salsola contrariifolia  
Salsola cryptoptera  
Salsola dealata  
Salsola decussata  
Salsola denudata  
Salsola dinteri  
Salsola dolichostigma  
Salsola esterhuyseniae  
Salsola etoshensis  
Salsola exalata  
Salsola garubica  
Salsola geminiflora  
Salsola gemmata  
Salsola gemmifera  
Salsola gemmipara  
Salsola giessii  
Salsola glabra  
Salsola glabrescens  
Salsola henriciae  
Salsola hoanibica  
Salsola hottentottica  
Salsola huabica  
Salsola humifusa  
Salsola inaperta  
Salsola kalaharica  
Salsola kleinfonteini  
Salsola koichabica  
Salsola luederitzensis  
Salsola marginata  
Salsola melanantha  
Salsola merxmuelleri  
Salsola microtricha  
Salsola minutifolia  
Salsola mirabilis  
Salsola namaqualandica  
Salsola namibica  
Salsola nollothensis  
Salsola okaukuejensis  
Salsola omaruruensis  
Salsola parviflora  
Salsola patentipilosa  
Salsola pearsonii  
Salsola phillipsii  
Salsola pillansii  
Salsola procera  
Salsola ptiloptera  
Salsola rabieana  
Salsola robinsonii  
Salsola ruschii  
Salsola schreiberae  
Salsola scopiformis  
Salsola seminuda  
Salsola sericata  
Salsola seydelii  
Salsola smithii  
Salsola spenceri  
Salsola squarrosula  
Salsola swakopmundi  
Salsola tetramera  
Salsola tuberculata  
Salsola tuberculatiformis  
Salsola ugabica  
Salsola unjabica  
Salsola verdoorniae  
Salsola warmbadica  
Salsola zeyheri  

Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).

Salsola kali (Prickly saltwort)

Native to Europe.



  • Botschantsev, V.P. 1969. The genus Salsola; a concise history of its development and dispersal. Botanisheskii Zhurnal 54: 989-1001.

  • Botschantsev, V.P. 1974. A synopsis of Salsola (Chenopodiaceae) from South and South-West Africa. Kew Bulletin 29: 597-614.