home   about   search

biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

# Class: Placodermi (armored jawed vertebrates)

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) 

In southern Africa, placoderms have been recorded from Early Devonian (in the Lower Bokkeveld shales) and from Late Devonian strata.


  • Anderson, M.E., Almond, J.E., Evans, F.J., Long, J.A. 1999. Devonian (Emsian-Eifelian) fish from the Lower Bokkeveld Group (Ceres Subgroup), South Africa. Journal of African Earth Sciences 29 (1): 179194.

  • Long, J.A., Anderson, M.E., Gess, R., Hiller, N. 1997. New placoderm fishes from the Late Devonian of South Africa. Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 17: 253268.