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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Genus: Crataegus

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid I > Order: Rosales > Family: Rosaceae

About 1080 species, found in the northern hemisphere. Crataegus x lavallei and C. monogyna have become naturalised in the Free State and Eastern Cape. A further six species and one hybrid are cultivated as garden ornamental plants in southern Africa.

Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).

Crataegus monogyna (Common hawthorn, May)

Native to Europe and North Africa. Naturalised in the Eastern Cape and Free State.


Crataegus x lavallei (Lavallée thorn)

Naturalised in the Free State.


Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Crataegus crus-galli (Cockspur thorn)

Native to eastern USA.


Crataegus laevigata (English hawthorn)

Native from Europe to western Asia.


Crataegus phaenopyrum (Washington thorn)

Native to eastern USA.


Crataegus pubescens

Native to Mexico.


Crataegus stipulosa (Manzanilla)

Native to Ecuador.


Crataegus succulenta

Native to eastern USA.


Crataegus x grignonensis



  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.