home   about   search

biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Genus: Watsonia

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Monocotyledons > Order: Asparagales > Family: Iridaceae

The 52 species are endemic to southern Africa, with most species found in the Western Cape and the grasslands of KwaZulu-Natal, Swaziland and Mpumalanga. 

Pink and yellow flowered species with short, funnel-shaped tubes produce small quantities of nectar and are pollinated by bees. Red-flowered species with long tubes produce large amounts of nectar and are pollinated by sunbirds (Goldblatt and Manning 2000).

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).

Watsonia aletroides

Watsonia amabilis


Watsonia amatolae


Watsonia angusta

Watsonia bachmannii

Watsonia bella


Watsonia borbonica

Watsonia canaliculata


Watsonia coccinea

Watsonia confusa

Watsonia densiflora

Watsonia distans


Watsonia dubia


Watsonia elsiae


Watsonia emiliae


Watsonia fergusoniae

Watsonia fourcadei

Watsonia galpinii

Watsonia gladioloides

[photo Colin Paterson-Jones ]

Watsonia humilis


Watsonia hysterantha

Watsonia inclinata


Watsonia knysnana


Watsonia laccata


Watsonia latifolia

Watsonia lepida

Watsonia marginata

Watsonia marlothii


Watsonia meriana

Watsonia minima


Watsonia mtamvunae

Watsonia occulta


Watsonia paucifolia

Watsonia pillansii

Watsonia pondoensis


Watsonia pulchra


Watsonia rogersii

Watsonia rourkei


Watsonia schlechteri

Watsonia spectabilis


Watsonia stenosiphon

Watsonia stokoei

Watsonia strictiflora


Watsonia strubeniae


Watsonia tabularis

Watsonia transvaalensis


Watsonia vanderspuyiae


Watsonia versfeldii


Watsonia watsonioides


Watsonia wilmaniae

Watsonia wilmsii


Watsonia zeyheri


  • Goldblatt, P. 1989. The genus Watsonia. Annals of Kirstenbosch Botanic Gardens 19.

  • Goldblatt, P. & Manning, J.C. 2000. Iridaceae. In: In: Seed Plants of Southern Africa (ed. O.A. Leistner). Strelitzia 10: 623-638. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.