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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Genus: Tritoniopsis

[= Anapalina]

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Monocotyledons > Order: Asparagales > Family: Iridaceae

The 24 species are endemic to the Western Cape and Eastern Cape, mainly on sandstone soils in fynbos.

There are 3 main types of pollination (Goldblatt & Manning 2000):

  • Short-tubed species are pollinated mainly by bees.
  • Long-tubed species are pollinated mainly by moths and long-proboscid flies.
  • Red-flowered species are probably pollinated by Aeropetes tulbaghia butterflies and sunbirds.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).

Tritoniopsis antholyza

[=Tritoniopsis longituba]

Tritoniopsis bicolor

Tritoniopsis burchellii


Tritoniopsis caffra

Tritoniopsis caledonensis

Tritoniopsis dodii


Tritoniopsis elongata

Tritoniopsis flava

Tritoniopsis flexuosa


Tritoniopsis intermedia


Tritoniopsis lata

Tritoniopsis latifolia


Tritoniopsis lesliei


Tritoniopsis nemorosa


Tritoniopsis nervosa

Tritoniopsis parviflora

Tritoniopsis pulchella


Tritoniopsis pulchra


Tritoniopsis ramosa

Tritoniopsis revoluta


Tritoniopsis toximontana

Tritoniopsis triticea

Tritoniopsis unguicularis


Tritoniopsis williamsiana



  • Goldblatt, P. 1981. Notes on the cytology and distribution of Anapalina, Tritoniopsis and Sparaxis, Cape Iridaceae. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 68: 562564.
  • Goldblatt, P. 1990. Status of the southern African Anapalina and Antholyza (Iridaceae), genera based solely on characters for bird pollination, and a new species of Tritoniopsis. South African Journal of Botany 56: 577-582.

  • Goldblatt, P. & Manning, J.C. 2000. Iridaceae. In: In: Seed Plants of Southern Africa (ed. O.A. Leistner). Strelitzia 10: 623-638. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

  • Lewis, G.J. 1959. South African Iridaceae. The genus Tritoniopsis. Journal of South African Botany 25: 319-355.