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the web of life in southern Africa

Genus: Tritonia

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Monocotyledons > Order: Asparagales > Family: Iridaceae

Occurs from South Africa through to Tanzania but most of the 27 species are found in the winter rainfall region of the Western Cape and Namaqualand (Northern Cape).

Most species have flowers pollinated by long-tongued bees but there are long-tubed species that are pollinated by long-proboscid flies such as Philoliche (Tabanidae) and Moegistorhynchus (Nemestrinidae) (Goldblatt & Manning 2000).

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).

Tritonia atrorubens


Tritonia bakeri


Tritonia chrysantha


Tritonia cooperi

Tritonia crocata


Tritonia deusta


Tritonia disticha

Tritonia drakensbergensis


Tritonia dubia


Tritonia flabellifolia

Tritonia florentiae


Tritonia gladiolaris

[=Tritonia lineata]

Tritonia kamisbergensis


Tritonia karooica

Tritonia lancea


Tritonia laxifolia

Tritonia marlothii


Tritonia moggii

Recorded from Mozambique.

Tritonia nelsonii


Tritonia pallida

Tritonia parvula


Tritonia securigera


Tritonia securigera

Tritonia squalida


Tritonia strictifolia


Tritonia tugwelliae


Tritonia undulata

[= Tritonia crispa]


  • de Vos, M.P. 1982. The African genus Tritonia Ker-Gawler 1. Journal of South African Botany 48: 105-163.

  • de Vos, M.P. 1983. The African genus Tritonia Ker-Gawler 2. Journal of South African Botany 49: 347-422.

  • de Vos, M.P. 1999. Ixia, Tritonia, Crocosmia, Duthieastrum, Chasmanthe. Flora of southern Africa 7,2, fascicle 1: 1-147.

  • Goldblatt, P. & Manning, J.C. 2000. Iridaceae. In: In: Seed Plants of Southern Africa (ed. O.A. Leistner). Strelitzia 10: 623-638. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.