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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Genus: Hesperantha

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Monocotyledons > Order: Asparagales > Family: Iridaceae

About 82 species, found from the Western Cape to Ethiopia, with centres of diversity in the southwestern Cape, western Karoo and the Drakensberg.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI) and Flora of Zimbabwe.

Hesperantha acuta


Hesperantha alborosea


Hesperantha altimontana


Hesperantha bachmannii


Hesperantha ballii

Endemic to Zimbabwe. See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Hesperantha baurii

Hesperantha brevicaulis


Hesperantha brevifolia


Hesperantha brevistyla


Hesperantha bulbifera


Hesperantha candida


Hesperantha cedarmontana


Hesperantha ciliolata


Hesperantha coccinea

Hesperantha crocopsis


Hesperantha cucullata

Hesperantha curvula


Hesperantha debilis


Hesperantha decipiens


Hesperantha elsiae


Hesperantha erecta


Hesperantha exiliflora


Hesperantha falcata


Hesperantha fibrosa


Hesperantha flava


Hesperantha flexuosa


Hesperantha glabrescens


Hesperantha glareosa


Hesperantha gracilis


Hesperantha grandiflora


Hesperantha hantamensis


Hesperantha helmei


Hesperantha humilis


Hesperantha hutchingsiae


Hesperantha huttonii


Hesperantha hygrophila


Hesperantha inconspicua


Hesperantha ingeliensis


Hesperantha juncifolia


Hesperantha karooica


Hesperantha lactea


Hesperantha latifolia


Hesperantha leucantha


Hesperantha lithicola


Hesperantha longicollis


Hesperantha longistyla


Hesperantha longituba


Hesperantha luticola


Hesperantha malvina


Hesperantha marlothii


Hesperantha minima


Hesperantha modesta


Hesperantha montigena


Hesperantha muirii


Hesperantha namaquana


Hesperantha oligantha


Hesperantha pallescens


Hesperantha pauciflora

Hesperantha petitiana

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Hesperantha pilosa

Hesperantha pseudopilosa


Hesperantha pubinervia


Hesperantha pulchra


Hesperantha purpurea


Hesperantha quadrangula


Hesperantha radiata


Hesperantha rivulicola


Hesperantha rupestris


Hesperantha rupicola


Hesperantha saldanhae


Hesperantha saxicola


Hesperantha schelpeana


Hesperantha schlechteri


Hesperantha scopulosa


Hesperantha spicata


Hesperantha stenosiphon


Hesperantha sufflava


Hesperantha teretifolia


Hesperantha truncatula


Hesperantha umbricola


Hesperantha vaginata

Hesperantha woodii



  • Goldblatt, P. 1984. A revision of Hesperantha (Iridaceae) in the winter-rainfall area of southern Africa. Journal of South African Botany 50: 15-141.

  • Goldblatt, P. 1986. Notes on the systematics of Hesperantha in tropical Africa. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 73: 134-139.

  • Goldblatt, P. 1987. New species and notes on southern African Hesperantha (Iridaceae). South African Journal of Botany 53: 459-463.

  • Hilliard, O.M. & Burtt, B.L. 1986. Hesperantha (Iridaceae) in Natal and nearby. Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh 43: 407-438.