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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Genus: Dierama (hairbells)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Monocotyledons > Order: Asparagales > Family: Iridaceae

The 44 species are found mainly in the summer rainfall region of eastern southern Africa, but the overall distribution extends from Knysna in the Western Cape, South Africa, to Ethiopia. Thirty-nine species are native to southern Africa.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Dierama adelphicum


Dierama ambiguum


Dierama argyreum

Dierama atrum


Dierama cooperi


Dierama dissimile

Dierama dracomontanum

Dierama dubium


Dierama elatum


Dierama erectum


Dierama floriferum

Dierama formosum


Dierama galpinii


Dierama gracile


Dierama grandiflorum

Dierama igneum


Dierama insigne


Dierama inyangense

Native to the eastern border mountains of Zimbabwe and adjacent Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Dierama jucundum


Dierama latifolium

Dierama luteoalbidum


Dierama medium


Dierama mobile


Dierama mossii


Dierama nebrownii


Dierama nixonianum


Dierama pallidum


Dierama pauciflorum


Dierama pendulum

Dierama pictum


Dierama plowesii

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.


Dierama pulcherrimum

Dierama pumilum


Dierama reynoldsii


Dierama robustum


Dierama sertum


Dierama trichorhizum


Dierama tyrium


Dierama tysonii


The flowers are pollinated by bees (Goldblatt and Manning 2000).

Publications (by date)

  • Hilliard, O.M., Burtt, B.L., & Batten, A. 1991. Dierama, Hairbells of Africa. Acorn Press, Johannesburg.

  • Goldblatt, P. & Manning, J.C. 2000. Iridaceae. In: In: Seed Plants of Southern Africa (ed. O.A. Leistner). Strelitzia 10: 623-638. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.