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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Genus: Crocosmia

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Monocotyledons > Order: Asparagales > Family: Iridaceae

Seven species, native to southern and eastern Africa as well as Madagascar (one species). 

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Crocosmia aurea

Crocosmia fucata


Crocosmia masoniorum


Crocosmia mathewsiana


Crocosmia paniculata

Crocosmia pearsei


Crocosmia pottsii


Those species with short-tubed flowers are pollinated by long-tongued bees and those with long-tubed flowers are pollinated by sunbirds (Goldblatt & Manning 2000).


  • de Vos, M.P. 1984. The African genus Crocosmia Planchon. Journal of South African Botany 50: 463-502.

  • de Vos, M.P. 1999. Ixia, Tritonia, Crocosmia, Duthieastrum, Chasmanthe. Flora of southern Africa 7,2, fascicle 1: 1-147.

  • Goldblatt, P. & Manning, J.C. 2000. Iridaceae. In: In: Seed Plants of Southern Africa (ed. O.A. Leistner). Strelitzia 10: 623-638. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.