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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Genus: Geranium (geraniums)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Order: Geraniales > Family: Geraniaceae

About 300 species, native to temperate regions and the montane tropics, with 29 species native to southern Africa, four that are naturalised, and an additional 14 that are cultivated in the region.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of southern Africa - an online checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Geranium amatolicum


Geranium angustipetalum


Geranium arabicum

Geranium baurianum


Geranium brycei


Geranium caffrum


Geranium canescens


Geranium contortum


Geranium discolor


Geranium drakensbergensis


Geranium dregei


Geranium exellii

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.


Geranium flanaganii


Geranium grandistipulatum


Geranium harveyi


Geranium incanum

Geranium magniflorum


Geranium multisectum

Geranium natalense


Geranium nyassense


Geranium mascatense

[= Geranium ocellatum]

Recorded from Zimbabwe.


Geranium ornithopodioides


Geranium ornithopodon


Geranium pulchrum


Geranium robustum


Geranium schlechteri


Geranium sparsiflorum


Geranium subglabrum


Geranium wakkerstroomianum


Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).

Geranium dissectum

Native to Europe.


Geranium molle (Dovesfoot cranesbill)

Native to western and central Europe; naturalised in southern Africa where it is found in disturbed situations such as along suburban roadverges.

Geranium purpureum


Geranium rotundifolium (Round-leaved cranesbill)

Native to Europe.


Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Geranium albanum

Native to the Caucasus and Iran.


Geranium bohemicum

Native to Europe.


Geranium canariense

Native to the Canary Islands.


Geranium columbinum (Long-stalked cranesbill)

Native to Europe.


Geranium endressii (French cranesbill)

Native to France and Spain.


Geranium macrorrhizum

Native to Europe.


Geranium maderense

Native to Madeira.


Geranium palmatum

Native to Madeira.


Geranium palustre

Native to eastern and central Europe.


Geranium robertianum (Herb robert)

Native to Eurasia.


Geranium sanguineum (Bloody cranesbill)

Native from Europe to the Caucasus.


Geranium sibericum

Native to Eurasia.


Geranium thunbergii

Native from Japan to Taiwan.


Geranium traversii

Native to New Zealand.



  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.