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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Tribe: Eupatorieae

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid II > Family: Asteraceae

Three genera and eight species are native to southern Africa, with five genera and 10 species naturalised and an additional three genera and six species cultivated.

Genera native in southern Africa

(based on Herman et al. 2000)


There are 24 species globally of which three are found in southern Africa.



About 430 species, mainly native to the tropics, with four occurring in southern Africa.



There are 15 species, native to South America and tropical Africa, with one species, Stomatanthes africanus, found in southern Africa.


Genera naturalised in southern Africa

(based on Herman et al. 2000)


About 290 species, all native to America. Three species naturalised in southern Africa.



The 44 species are all native to Central and South America and West Indies. Two species naturalised in southern Africa



About 290 species, all native to America. Three species naturalised in southern Africa.



The 14 species are native to South America. Campuloclinium macrocephalum (Pom-pom weed) has been grown in southern Africa in gardens but has become naturalised and is now a declared Category 1 invader plant in South Africa.



About 165 species, native to North and South America, as well as in the West Indies. Chromolaena odorata (Triffid Weed, Siam Weed, Paraffienbos) is an introduced weed in southern Africa.


Other genera, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002). The species name is provided because the genus has only one species cultivated in southern Africa.


Four species cultivated.


Liatris spicata (Kansas gayfeather)

Indigenous from Mexico to Costa Rica.


Piqueria trinervia (Stevia)

Indigenous from Mexico to Costa Rica.



  • Bremer, K., Anderberg, A.A., Karis, P.O. & Lundberg, J. 1994. Tribe Eupatorieae. In: Asteraceae, Cladistics & Classification (ed. K. Bremer). Timber Press, Portland, Oregon, pp. 625-680.

  • Herman, P.P.J., Retief, E., Koekemoer, M. & Welman, W.G. 2000. Asteraceae (Compositae). In: Seed Plants of Southern Africa (ed. O.A. Leistner). Strelitzia 10: 101-170. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

  • King, R.M. & Robinson, H. 1987. The genera of the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae). Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 22: 1-581.