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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Tribe: Calenduleae

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Family: Asteraceae

Seven genera and 88 species are native to southern Africa, with one genus and species naturalised, and an additional two species cultivated.

Genera native to southern Africa

(based on Herman et al. 2000)


There are two species, found in southern Africa and extending into East Africa.


The 20 species are native to southern Africa and Angola.

Dimorphotheca pluvialis


The eight species are endemic to southern Africa.  


One species native to southern Africa - Gibbaria scabra.


The only species is Oligocarpus calendulaceus, native to southern Africa.


About 45 species, native to Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, with 40 species found in southern Africa.


About 22 species, native to Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and the Middle East. Sixteen species native to southern Africa.

Genera naturalised in southern Africa

(based on Herman et al. 2000)


One species naturalised in southern Africa and two species cultivated.


  • Herman, P.P.J., Retief, E., Koekemoer, M. & Welman, W.G. 2000. Asteraceae (Compositae). In: Seed Plants of Southern Africa (ed. O.A. Leistner). Strelitzia 10: 101-170. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

  • Nordenstam, B. 1994. Tribe Calenduleae. In: Asteraceae, cladistics and classification (ed. K. Bremer). Timber Press, Oregon, pp. 365-376.