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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Genus: Sarcocornia

[= Arthrocnemum]

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Core Eudicots > Order: Caryophyllales > Family: Amaranthaceae > Subfamily: Salicornioideae

About 15 species, found nearly worldwide, with 12 species native to southern Africa, found along the coast. 

Species native to southern Africa

List from Steffen et al. (2010).

Sarcocornia capensis  
Sarcocornia decumbens  
Sarcocornia decussata  
Sarcocornia dunensis  
Sarcocornia freitagii  
Sarcocornia littorea  
Sarcocornia mossambicensis  
Sarcocornia mossiana  
Sarcocornia natalensis  
Sarcocornia pillansii  
Sarcocornia tegetaria  
Sarcocornia xerophila  


  • O'Callaghan, M. 1992. The ecology and identification of the southern African Salicornieae (Chenopodiaceae). South African Journal of Botany 58: 430-439.

  • O'Callaghan, M. & Oliver, E.G.H. 1992. Transfer of Arthrocnemum varieties to Sarcocornia (Chenopodiaceae). South African Journal of Botany 58: 540.
  • Steffen S, Mucina L, Kadereit G. 2010. Revision of Sarcocornia (Chenopodiaceae) in South Africa, Namibia and Mozambique. Systematic Botany 35(2): 390-408. doi: 10.1600/036364410791638379