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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Family: Gryllidae (true crickets)

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Ecdysozoa > Panarthropoda > Tritocerebra > Phylum: Arthopoda > Mandibulata > Atelocerata > Panhexapoda > Hexapoda > Insecta (insects) > Dicondyla > Pterygota > Metapterygota > Neoptera > Polyneoptera > Anartioptera > Orthopterida > Orthoptera > Ensifera > Grylloidea

Occurs worldwide. In southern Africa, there are 42 genera and 123 species native to the region.

Unidentified field cricket (subfamily Gryllinae) from Cedarberg.

Tree cricket Oecanthus sp. (subfamily Oecanthinae)

The common cricket that comes indoors and calls loudly from behind such places as the fridge is called Gryllus bimaculatus. Tree crickets are found mainly on plants where they prey on small insects such as aphids.

Genera native to southern Africa

List from Orthoptera Species File.

Gryllinae Group

 

 

 

Subfamily: Gryllinae

Worldwide except polar regions.

 

 

 

 

Cophogryllini

Northern South America, Africa south of the Sahara, Mozambique, Asia.

 

 

 

   

Cophogryllus

Twenty-four species, with a distribution that includes northern South America, Africa south of the Sahara, Mozambique and Asia. Seven species are native to southern Africa.

 

 

 

 

Gryllini

Worldwide except polar regions.

 

 

 

   

Acanthogryllus

Six species, with a distribution that includes Africa, Madagascar and the Indian subcontinent. One species, Acanthogryllus fortipes, is native to southern Africa.

 

 

   

Clearidas

Two species, one in West Africa and the other, Clearidas nigriceps, native to southern Africa.

 

 

 

   

Damaracheta

Six species, occurring in southern Africa and Malawi. Three species are native to southern Africa.

 

 

 

   

Gryllus

Eighty-five species, occurring worldwide except polar regions. Nine species are native to southern Africa.

 

 

   

Gymnogryllus

Forty-two species, with a distribution that includes Africa, Asia and Australia. Four species are native to southern Africa.

 

 

 

   

Kurtguentheria

Three species, endemic to southern Africa.

 

 

 

   

Macrogryllus

Four species, with a disjunct distribution between southern Africa and South-east Asia. Two species, Macrogryllus capitatus and Macrogryllus consocius, are native to southern Africa.

 

 

 

   

Natalogryllus

Three species, endemic to southern Africa.

 

 

 

   

Scapsipedus

Eighteen species, with a distribution that includes Africa, Madagascar, Indian subcontinent and the Caribbean. One species, Scapsipedus meridianus, is native to southern Africa.

 

 

 

   

Svercus

One species, Svercus palmetorum, with a distribution that includes the  Mediterranean region and southern Africa.

 

 

 

   

Teleogryllus

Fifty-two species with a distribution that includes Africa, Madagascar, Asia as well as islands in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans. Six species are native to southern Africa.

 

 

 

Modicogryllini

 

 

 

   

Acophogryllus

One species, Acophogryllus schultzei, endemic to southern Africa.

 

 

 

   

Astrupia

Two species, Astrupia gazensis and Astrupia sodwanensis, endemic to southern Africa.

 

 

 

   

Modicogryllus

Eighty-eight species, with a distribution that includes Africa, Madagascar, Europe, Asia, Australia, and islands of Atlantic, Indian and Pacific. Six species are native to southern Africa.

 

 

   

Velarifictorus

One hundred species, occurring in Africa, Asia, Australia and North America. Seven species are native to southern Africa.

 

 

 

Turanogryllini

 

 

 

   

Neogryllopsis

Nineteen of the twenty species are endemic to southern Africa. The remaining species is known from Malawi.

 

 

 

   

Podogryllus

Eighteen species, occurring in Africa and Arabia. Two species, Podogryllus teres and Podogryllus zambezicus, are native to southern Africa.

 

 

Unplaced

 

 

 

   

Brachytrupes

Seven species, occurring in Africa, Madagascar and Arabia. Two species, Brachytrupes calaharicus and Brachytrupes testaceus, are native to southern Africa.

 

 

 

   

Grylloderes

Twenty-one species, with a distribution that includes Africa, southern Europe, the Indian subcontinent, and Southeast Asia. Four species are native to southern Africa.

 

 

 

   

Taciturna

Two species, Taciturna dlinza and Taciturna knysna, endemic to southern Africa.

 

 

 

Subfamily: Landrevinae

Has a patchy distribution across Central and South America, Africa, western Indian Ocean islands, Asia and Australia.

 

 

 

 

Prolandreva

Two species, Prolandreva aenigmatosa and Prolandreva mirabilis, endemic to southern Africa.

 

Phalangopsinae Group

 

 

 

Subfamily: Cachoplistinae

Africa, Europe, Asia and Australia.

 

 

 

 

Phaeophilacris

Sixty-nine species, occurring in East, West and Central Africa, extending south to Zimbabwe and Mozambique. Two species, Phaeophilacris picta and Phaeophilacris spectrum, are native to southern Africa.

 

 

 

Subfamily: Luzarinae

Africa, Central and South America.

 

 

 

 

Larandeicus

Two species, occurring in Africa south of the Sahara, with one species, Larandeicus bicolor, native to southern Africa.

 

 

 

 

Zaora

One species, Zaora morbillosa, endemic to southern Africa.

 

 

 

Subfamily: Phalangopsinae

Central and South America, Africa, Indian subcontinent, South-east Asia, New Caledonia.

 

 

 

 

Hirpinus

One species, Hirpinus afer, recorded from Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

 

 

Unplaced

 

 

 

 

Stalacris

One species, Stalacris meridionalis, endemic to southern Africa.

 

Podoscirtinae Group

 

 

Subfamily: Euscyrtinae

Africa, Madagascar, Asia, Australia and Central America.

 

 

 

 

Euscyrtus

Twenty-one species, with a distribution that includes Africa, Madagascar, Asia and  Central America. One species, Euscyrtus bivittatus, is endemic to southern Africa.

 

Subfamily: Pentacentrinae

Tropical and subtropical regions worldwide.

 

 

 

 

Apentacentrus aurantiacus (Mozambique)

One species, Apentacentrus aurantiacus, endemic to southern Africa (Mozambique).

 

 

Subfamily: Podoscirtinae

Africa, Madagascar, Asia, Australia, South and Central America

 

 

 

 

Depressotrella

Three species, endemic to southern Africa.

 

 

 

 

Homalotrypus

One species, Homalotrypus boromensis, endemic to southern Africa (Zimbabwe).

 

 

 

 

Kilimagryllus

Five species, occurring in Africa south of the Sahara and Madagascar. One species, Kilimagryllus africanus, is native to southern Africa.

 

 

 

 

Parametrypa

Three species, with a distribution that includes Africa south of the Sahara and South America. One species, Parametrypa fortipes, is native to southern Africa.

 

 

 

Rupilius

One species, Rupilius nigrosignatus, endemic to southern Africa.

 

Subfamily: Eneopterinae

Central and South America, Africa, Asia, Australia, New Caledonia.

 

 

 

Pseudolebinthus

Two species, one recorded from Malawi and the other, Pseudolebinthus africanus, from Zimbabwe.

 

Subfamily: Nemobiinae

Worldwide except polar regions.

 

 

 

Homonemobius

Four species: three in Asia and one, Homonemobius africanus, native to South Africa.

 

Subfamily: Oecanthinae

Worldwide except polar regions.

 

 

 

Oecanthus (tree crickets)

Sixty-four species, with a worldwide distribution (except polar regions). Thirteen species are native to southern Africa.

Subfamily: Trigonidiinae

Worldwide except polar and North Temperate regions.

 

 

 

Anaxipha

A total of 171 species, with a worldwide distribution except Europe and Asia (but does occur on the Indian subcontinent). Two species, Anaxipha gueinzii and Anaxipha natalensis, are native to southern Africa.

 

 

 

Lobeda ovalis

One species, Lobeda ovalis, endemic to southern Africa.

 

 

 

Metioche

Forty species, with a distribution that includes Africa, Asia, Australia, and South America. One species, Metioche lesnei, is native to southern Africa (Mozambique).

 

 

 

Trigonidium

A total of 171 species, with a distribution that includes Africa, Madagascar, southern Europe, southern Asia, Australia, and islands in Atlantic, Indian and Pacific. One species, Trigonidium erythrocephalum, is native to southern Africa.

References

Text and photos by Hamish Robertson