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Anthoscopus caroli (Grey penduline-tit) 

Kaapse kapokvoël [Afrikaans]; Unogushana, Unothoyi [Xhosa]; Acacia-kapokmees [Dutch]; Rémiz minute [French]; Kapbeutelmeise [German]; Pássaro-do-algodão-cinzento [Portuguese]

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class: Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial vertebrates) > Tetrapoda (four-legged vertebrates) > Reptiliomorpha > Amniota > Reptilia (reptiles) > Romeriida > Diapsida > Archosauromorpha > Archosauria > Dinosauria (dinosaurs) > Saurischia > Theropoda (bipedal predatory dinosaurs) > Coelurosauria > Maniraptora > Aves (birds) > Order: Passeriformes > Family: Paridae

Anthoscopus caroli (Grey penduline-tit)   

Grey penduline-tit, Mkhuze Game Reserve, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. [photo Alan Manson ©]


For information about this species, see www.birdforum.net/opus/African_Penduline_Tit

Distribution and habitat

Occurs from Uganda through southern DRC to Angola, south to southern Africa. Here it is common in patches across Botswana, Namibia, eastern Zimbabwe and much of South Africa, excluding KwaZulu-Natal bordering on the Eastern Cape and parts of Mpumalanga and the Limpopo Province. It prefers broad-leaved woodland dominated by bushwillows (Combretum), silver cluster-leaf (Terminalia sericea), Burkea (Burkea Africana) and miombo (Brachystegia). It is also occasionally found in Acacia woodland and suburban gardens.

Distribution of Grey penduline-tit in southern Africa, based on statistical smoothing of the records from first SA Bird Atlas Project (© Animal Demography unit, University of Cape Town; smoothing by Birgit Erni and Francesca Little). Colours range from dark blue (most common) through to yellow (least common). See here for the latest distribution from the SABAP2.  


It mainly eats insects, often foraging in the tree canopy, gleaning prey from twigs and branches. It may also join mixed-species foraging flocks, often alongside eremomelas, Southern hyliota, Willow warbler and white-eyes.


  • Both sexes construct the nest, which is an oval-shaped bag built of woven spider web, plant down and other woolly material. A collapsible entrance spout is placed near the top, which can be opened and closed by drawing the top and bottom sides of the tube together. Underneath the entrance there is a small ridge which serves as a perch for the bird to open the entrance spout with one foot. The top and bottom of the nest are usually attached to twigs of a tree, approximately 5-10 metres above ground.
  • Egg-laying season is from August-February, peaking around September-November.
  • It lays 2-8, usually 4 eggs which are incubated for an estimated 15-19 days.
  • Both adults feed the young, who leave the nest when they are about 22-26 days old.


Not threatened.


  • Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ and Ryan PG 2005. Roberts - Birds of southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town.