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Tauraco livingstonii (Livingstone's turaco) 

Mosambiekloerie [Afrikaans]; iGwalagwala (also applied to Knysna and Purple-crested turacos) [Zulu]; Touraco de Livingstone [French]; Langschopfturako [German]; Turaco de Livingstone [Portuguese]

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class: Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial vertebrates) > Tetrapoda (four-legged vertebrates) > Reptiliomorpha > Amniota > Reptilia (reptiles) > Romeriida > Diapsida > Archosauromorpha > Archosauria > Dinosauria (dinosaurs) > Saurischia > Theropoda (bipedal predatory dinosaurs) > Coelurosauria > Maniraptora > Aves (birds) > Musophagiformes > Family: Musophagidae

Tauraco livingstonii (Livingstone's turaco)  Tauraco livingstonii (Livingstone's turaco)

Livingstone's turaco, Artis Amsterdam Zoo, The Netherlands. [photo Arjan Haverkamp ]

Livingstone's turaco, Cape Vidal, iSimangaliso Wetland Reserve, South Africa. [photo Alan Manson ]

Distribution and habitat

Occurs from Tanzania and Malawi to southern Africa, where it is fairly common in Zimbabwe's eastern highlands, central and southern Mozambique and KwaZulu-Natal. It generally prefers Afromontane evergreen forest, riverine forest and thickets.

Movements and migrations

Resident and largely sedentary, although it may make local movements in response to the availability of fruiting trees.


Mainly eats fruit, supplemented with other plant matter, doing most of its foraging in the tree canopy or occasionally in the understorey of fruiting trees. The following food items have been recorded in its diet:

  • Plants
    • fruit
      • Ochna atropurpurea (Large-flowered ochna)
      • Afrocrania volkensii (Afrocrania)
      • Englerophytum natelense (Silver-leaved milkplum)
      • Bridelia micrantha (Mitzeerie)
      • Chionanthus battiscombei (Water pock-ironwood)
      • Cola greenwayi (Hairy cola)
      • Cussonia spicata (Cabbage-tree)
      • Ehretia cymosa (Forest stamperwood)
      • Ficus (figs)
        • Ficus exasperata (Sandpaper forest fig)
        • Ficus scassellatii (Crown-fruit fig)
        • Ficus natelensis (Coastal strangler fig)
        • Ficus sansibarica (Knobbly fig)
      • Rubus ellipticus (bramble)
      • Schefflera umbellifera (False cabbage-tree)
      • Trema orientalis (Pigeonwood)
    • flowerheads of Cussonia (cabbage-trees)
    • buds of Bauhinia (bauhinia trees)


  • Monogamous, territorial solitary nester, although the structure of the nest has never been recorded.
  • Egg-laying season is from August-February, peaking from October-January; it typically lays two eggs.


Not threatened.


  • Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ and Ryan PG 2005. Roberts - Birds of southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town.